cylinder

cylinder [sil′ən dər]
n.
[Fr cylindre < L cylindrus < Gr kylindros < kylindein, to roll < IE base * (s)kel-, to bend > CALCAR, COLON1]
1. Geom.
a) in geometry, a solid figure consisting of two parallel bases in the form of congruent, closed curves joined by a smooth, continuous, closed surface; specif., such a figure (right circular cylinder) having circular bases and a surface perpendicular to the bases
b) the surface of such a solid
2. anything having the shape of a cylinder, whether hollow or solid; specif.,
a) the turning part of a revolver, containing chambers for cartridges
b) the chamber in which the piston moves in a reciprocating engine
c) the barrel of a pump
d) on a printing press, a roller carrying the printing plates or the part receiving the impression
e) a large, hollow, cylindrical clay object with cuneiform inscriptions, or a similar small stone worn on the wrist in ancient times in the Middle East

English World dictionary. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cylinder — most commonly refers to: Cylinder (geometry), a three dimensional geometric shape Cylinder may also refer to: Contents 1 Science and technology 1.1 Information storage …   Wikipedia

  • Cylinder — Cyl in*der (s?l ?n d?r), n. [F. cylindre, OF. cilindre, L. cylindrus, fr. Gr. ky lindros, fr. kyli ndein, kyli ein, to roll. Cf. {Calender} the machine.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Geom.) (a) A solid body which may be generated by the rotation of a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Cylinder — Cylinder, IA U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 110 Housing Units (2000): 49 Land area (2000): 0.067690 sq. miles (0.175317 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.067690 sq. miles (0.175317 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Cylinder, IA — U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 110 Housing Units (2000): 49 Land area (2000): 0.067690 sq. miles (0.175317 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.067690 sq. miles (0.175317 sq. km) FIPS code:… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • cylinder — 1560s, from M.Fr. cylindre (14c.), from L. cylindrus roller, cylinder, from Gk. kylindros a cylinder, roller, roll, from kylindein to roll, of unknown origin …   Etymology dictionary

  • cylinder — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. mnż I, D. cylinderdra, Mc. cylinderdrze {{/stl 8}}{{stl 20}} {{/stl 20}}{{stl 12}}1. {{/stl 12}}{{stl 7}} walcowaty otwór w kadłubie maszyny tłokowej (silnika, sprężarki, pompy itd.), w którym porusza się, odpowiednio… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • Cylinder [1] — Cylinder (v. gr.), 1) (Math.), ein zwischen 2 parallelen Ebenen als Grundflächen, u. einer krummen Seitenfläche (Mantel) enthaltener Körper. Die letztere wird von einer geraden Linie beschrieben, welche mit einer unveränderlichen Richtungslinie… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Cylinder [2] — Cylinder (Cylinderschnecken), so v.w. Walzenschnecken …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Cylinder — Cylinder, s. Zylinder …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Cylinder — und damit zusammengesetzte Stichwörter, s. Zylinder u.s.w …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

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